Environmental Nanotechnology: Future trends with Electrospinning

Environmental Nanotechnology: Future trends with Electrospinning

Shivendu Ranjan1, *, Upama Tiwari2 and Sandip Patil3

1Research & Technology Development, E-Spin Nanotech Pvt Ltd, SIIC, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India – 208016

* Presenting author E-mail: head.research@espinnanotech.com, shivenduranjan@gmail.com

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Nanotechnology is providing novel opportunities and solutions to guarantee sustainable energy and environments for the future. Materials of nanofiberous morphology are attractive to solve numerous energy and environmental issues. Nanofibers can be effectively produced by electrospinning, which is a simple and low cost technique. In addition, electrospinning allows the production of nanofibers from various materials e.g. organics and inorganics in different configurations and assemblies. The nanofibers used in filtration membranes for environmental remediation, minimize the pressure drop and provide better efficiency than conventional fiber mats. The large surface area-to-volume ratio of nanofiber membranes allows greater surface adsorption of contaminants from air and water, and increases the life-time of the filtration media. This review highlights the potential and application of electrospun nanofiberous materials for solving critical environmental issues. The main aim of this review will be to discuss the application of electrospun nanofibers for air and water filtration and to introduce the high-throughput electrospinning machine as well as the products for air and water filtration. This review will be equally important for scientists, professors, policy makers, industrialists and the students to understand the electrospinning process and its importance for environmental applications.

Overall the following will be discussed in this abstract:

  • Reviews the recent advances in development of functional electrospun nano fibers
  • Comprehensively introduces the environmental applications of electrospun nano fibers
  • Provides a versatile strategy for design and development of functional nanomaterials towards environmental issues

Keywords: Electrospinning; Environmental Nanotechnology; Ultra-filtration; Nanofibers; Air-filtration.

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