Materials are commonly classified depending on their composition or physicochemical properties. Nowadays, the search for synthetic materials has been fast growing, because of their electrical, thermal, mechanical, structural and in many cases, their emergent properties that make them suitable for many fields of science. Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are a class of microporous 1D, 2D or 3D crystalline materials, constructed from a metal ion held together by organic polyfunctional ligands that confer special characteristics to this arrangement.
Some of these features are their high/tunable surface area, homogenous porosity, their great stability and crystallinity, among other. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as frontier materials due to their unique porous organic–inorganic hybrid periodic assembly and exceptional diversity in structural properties and chemical functionalities.
Due to these characteristics, MOFs are widely applied in the storage and separation of gases, as sensors, and in matrices to capture some amount of several kinds of molecules, the adsorption of various contamination with multiple interaction, in particular pollutants in the environment in solid, liquid and gas.